- esu-s (: su-)
- esu-s (: su-)English meaning: good, *noble, master, owner, lordDeutsche Übersetzung: “gut, tũchtig”Material: Gk. ἐύς, ἠύς “proficient, good”, Adverb εὖ (acc. n.), belongs to prefix εὐ- Hitt. a-aš-šu-uš (assus) “good”; to a- s. Pedersen Hitt. 167 under Anm.; perhaps as zero grade in addition (Friedrich IF. 41, 370 f.) the prefix su-, see there; moreover perhaps Lat. erus “ the master of a house, head of a family, mister, master, owner, lord “, fem. era, aLat. esa “ mistress, lady “; however, Hitt. iš-ḫa-a-aš (isḫas) “master, mister” is to be kept away, because this belongs to Arm. isxan “master, mister”, isxal “rule, reign” (?), even it is not IE origin (Couvreur H̯ 9); Gaul. GN Esus (with ē-) remains far off, probably because of the names with Aes-, Ais- in the earliest 1. ais- or 2. ais- (above S. 16), less probably 2. eis- (above S. 299); also the O.Ir. PN Éogan (*ivogenos) and the Welsh PN Owein (older Ywein, Eugein, Ougen) = O.Ir. PN Úgaine (*ou̯o-geni̯os), compare in addition Bergin É riu 12, 224 f.References: WP. I 161, WH. I 419, 863. Ein etymol. Versuch by Kretschmer, object. Konjugation 16 ff.See also: es-.
Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.